Windows XP Explanation
Windows XP is an OS or a graphics-based operating system, made by Microsoft Company to be used on a computer, for example, such as personal or home computers, computers for business activities, notebooks, and media centers or Media Centers. Windows XP was released for the first time on October 25, 2001. The name XP itself is short for Experience. Windows XP is the successor to Windows 2000 Professional and Windows Millennium Edition / Windows ME, which is the first Windows operating system built on the Windows NT kernel and architecture.
History of Windows XP
Windows XP was previously known as the Whistler passcode, developed by Microsoft developers in the mid-2000s. Along with this project, Microsoft is also preparing a new generation of Windows successor to Windows Millennium Edition / Windows ME, named the passcode “Windows Neptune” to be projected as a home version of Windows NT. After Windows ME was considered less successful to rival the success of Windows 98, Microsoft finally decided to combine the two Windows operating systems (OS based on Windows NT and OS based on Windows 9x) into one product. That’s what we know until now as Windows XP.
There are various types of Windows XP including:
1. Windows XP Professional
Windows XP Professional is a Windows XP operating system created specifically for desktop computers that are connected to a network with a domain that is managed by Active Directory owned by Windows 2000 Server or Windows Server 2003. In addition, this version is arguably far more complete than Windows features XP Home Edition. It can be a server computer, although it can only hold a maximum of ten clients who can log in simultaneously
2. Windows XP Home Edition
Windows XP Home Edition is a Windows XP operating system intended for home users. Basically, there is no significant difference between Windows XP Home Edition and Windows XP Professional, because of the same manufacturing base. The difference that applies to this version of Windows is network support, where Windows XP Home Edition is not designed for systems with many users, like Windows XP Professional. There are not very many network features, including not being able to join the Active Directory domain system, not having an encrypted file system, being unable to become a server (although it is able to create multiple files and folders that it manages can be used by several users at once), and not has an Internet Connection Sharing (ICS) feature, and many others.
XP Home Edition is intended to replace the previous version of Windows, namely Windows 98 and Windows ME, because both versions of Windows are classified into the Windows class for home users.
3. Windows XP Media Center Edition
Windows XP Media Center Edition is a version of Windows XP made specifically for devices such as Hi-Fi, and a PC that is placed in the living room. Basically, Windows XP Media Center is a Windows XP Home Edition that is added support as a personal video recorder (Personal Video Recorder).
4. Windows XP Tablet PC Edition
Windows XP Tablet PC Edition is a version of Windows XP that is specific to ultra-portable PCs, which are named by Microsoft as Tablet PCs. The form is minimalist as is the Personal Digital Assistant (Personal Digital Assistant or PDA), with the equivalent capability of a notebook or laptop. Windows XP Tablet PC Edition is built based on Windows XP Professional, which is added with better handwriting recognition features compared to ordinary Windows XP Professional. In general, a Tablet PC is equipped with a touch screen.
5. Windows XP Starter Edition
Windows XP Starter Edition is a version of Windows XP Home Edition which is translated into each local language using the Language Interface Pack (LIP). The language he uses is diverse, ranging from Indonesian, Malay, Thai, Turkish, Russian, Indian, Brazilian, to Latin American languages (Argentina, Chile, Mexico, Ecuador, Uruguay, and Venezuela). According to various sources, Microsoft made Windows XP Starter Edition with the aim to combat the GNU / Linux operating system, because the operating system is popular in these third world countries.
6. Windows XP Professional x64 Edition
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition is a version of Windows XP that is specific to processors with x86-64 architecture. Currently, processors that use this architecture are limited to AMD processors with AMD64 architectures such as Athlon 64 and Opteron. From the Intel family there is an Intel Pentium 4 with the extension EM64T (Extended Memory 64-bit Technology), and several series of Intel Pentium M and D, as well as several variants from the Intel Core family. The difference with Windows XP Professional that was launched earlier is in its support for memory access greater than 4 Gigabytes as in previous Windows XP. Actually, 64-bit processors from Intel and AMD can access 16 Exabytes of memory, but Microsoft limits the ability of the Windows operating system to 16 Terabytes. Basically, this operating system is different from other versions of Windows XP, considering the code base used is Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition for x64, considering the version number used is 5.2.3790.
7. Windows XP Professional 64-bit Edition for Itanium
Windows XP Professional 64-bit Edition for Itanium is a very limited version in terms of sales. However, this product supports a very good microprocessor technology, namely the IA-64 used by Intel Itanium and Intel Itanium 2 processors. Support provided by Microsoft is support for all features of the Itanium processor, but due to very few applications designed for Itanium processors, the spread of this product is very little.
The difference in features of Windows XP Professional x64 Edition is its support for the Itanium processor, with all its built-in architecture, such as EFI (Extensible Firmware Interface), and GPT (GUID Partition Table). Although the Itanium processor is the most efficient processor, Itanium cannot run programs designed for 32-bit versions of Windows XP or Windows XP x64 Edition. When running programs that are not designed for it, its performance is very low.
Applications that are supported are very few, and are limited to applications that are useful for high-level computing, such as database applications, and scientific applications. If the x64 and 32-bit versions of Windows support multimedia acceleration, Windows is not equipped with this function, because the processor is not equipped with special instructions for multimedia acceleration.
Windows XP Professional 64-bit Edition has stopped production after Hewlett-Packard (the only manufacturer that offers workstations with Itanium processors) stopped selling its workstations. Some people judge, this is because Hewlett-Packard is not very successful with this product. Although the production process has been stopped, Microsoft still supports Windows XP 64-bit Edition until the whole Windows XP support is stopped by Microsoft.
Windows XP is known as an operating system that has stability that has been improved from its predecessor, and also has better efficiency than Windows 98, Windows ME, and Windows 2000 Professional. This is because Windows XP implements a software management technique that can avoid what is called “hell DLL” or “DLL HELL”. In addition, the appearance of Windows XP was overhauled, making it easier to use.
Interesting story about Windows XP
1. Windows XP is underestimated at launch
In 2001, Microsoft finally released Windows XP as a perfect Windows 2000 and ME which was less successful in the market. However, in 2014, Windows XP which has many users must retire because it will be replaced with the operating system on it.
Previously, one of Microsoft’s famous products was Windows 95. From year to year, Microsoft finally released several operating systems for PCs, one of which was Windows XP on October 25, 2001 (the first version).
Since it was first released, Microsoft expects a lot of Windows XP to become their flagship product. Unfortunately, as quoted from Cnet (2001), many analyzes say that Windows XP will not achieve success like Windows 95 and Windows 98, which at that time were still widely used by people even though the OS had Windows 2000 and ME.
However, what had been predicted was missed. Windows XP succeeded in making Microsoft rich because this product was successful in the market for years.
Even now, it is predicted, about 35 percent of computer devices worldwide, including ATM machines, still use Windows XP
2. Bliss Wallpaper is the default display of Windows XP
Surely anyone who has ever used Windows XP will find a default wallpaper called Bliss. As Windows XP will expire, all things including the Bliss wallpaper problem also appear.
On June 24, 1996, a photographer from HighTurn named Charles O’Rear who was also one of the founders of National Geographic had captured a scene in Sonoma County, California, United States.
Shortly after capturing photos with the landscape format, O’Rear sold and uploaded them on Corbis, one of Microsoft’s online photo buying and selling services.
Shortly after the sale and purchase agreement between Microsoft and O’Rear took place, Microsoft stated that O’Rear no longer had the right to say that the photo was his own or merely claimed that he was the first person to capture the green hill.
After becoming the property of Microsoft, the design team of this one company changed the original look of the photo to look even more beautiful by adding clouds, adding lighting to changing the color of grass which was initially more dominated by yellow.
Also, Microsoft never explained to O’Rear that the photo would later be used as the default Windows XP wallpaper.
But what can be said, after knowing the photo is used as a Windows XP wallpaper, O’Rrear can not sue or also ask for compensation to Microsoft for the use of these photos in its very popular product.
And if you find out from the beginning, O’Rear will ask for royalties of 1 cent for each Windows XP product that is marketed.